Located between the cities of Kirkuk and Sulaymaniyah, Chamchamal used to be a small town with a population of less than 20,000. Since the so-called Anfal Campaign (1986-1989) the town's population has grown to over 50,000 citizens. Due to the destruction of all surrounding villages, families were forced to flee to Chamchamal or were deported to a concentration camp in Tekye, located about 10 km from Chamchamal. The region suffers from a high unemployment rate and remains one of the poorest and most war-stricken areas of northern Iraq. Many unemployed farmers are unable to integrate, and do not have the means to rebuild their homes in their old villages.
The Jiyan Foundation for Human Rights is a non-profit organization that supports survivors of human rights violations, promotes democratic values and defends fundamental freedoms in Kurdistan-Iraq. The organisation has launched a project to construct a therapeutic garden for women and children in Chamchamal.
The garden will offer a safe environment to victims of violence. Women, children and youth who have suffered from domestic violence and abuse will be able to meet and gather in the gardens. There, the Jiyan Foundation will offer seminars and activities to bring individuals into a community.
The garden will offer activities encompassing a wide range of topics such as architecture, health, handicrafts, and the environment. In addition, children will benefit from animal-assisted therapy in a petting zoo. The garden's therapeutic approach will empower a vulnerable population to understand their potential.
For the past few years, Kurdistan has suffered from rainfall deficit and groundwater level resulting in water scarcity. The garden and zoo maintenance will require a substantive amount of water. Fortunately, a sewage canal runs underneath the garden that carries household greywater from the nearby houses. This is where BORDA steps in. Our team has provided designs and specifications for constructing a decentralised wastewater treatment system that will clean 100 cubic meters of dirty water each day, enough to provide the entire garden with clean water. BORDA will train local staff to perform maintenance and upkeep, and to spread the knowledge needed to operate the system.
With this system in place, the water supply will be both sustainable and sufficient for every flower, tree and animal in the garden.
As part of a project to construct a therapeutic garden for women and children in Chamchamal, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, BORDA is working with the Jiyan Foundation for Human Rights to provide a greywater treatment system